Most Common Domestic Injuries
Each year, nearly 18,000 people die from an everyday life accident. The first victims are children, the elderly, but no one is completely safe from a fall, an error or an inattention. Therefore, responsability, correct behavior and risk awareness are the best ways to avoid accidents at home. The most common domestic injuries are:
- Falling from stairs and ramps or on floor
- Falling from beds, wrong matresses and pillow resulting in neck and back problems
- Falling from chairs, sofas and sofa beds
- Slipping, falling and hitting heads and back on bathroom structures and fixtures
- Slaming doors on hands and heads
- Falling from table and table breaking
- Falling over, cabinets knocked over and racks dropping on people
- Sharp cans, knives and shattering containers
- Children tangling and chocking in their own cloths
- Falling and tripping from ladders and stools
Basic Prevention. Simple but rigorous rules of conduct and strict enforcement of safety standards enable you to avoid the most common accidents at home.
- Ensure efficient lighting, particularly in high-risk areas (stairs, garages, cellars …)
- Put a label on dangerous products, and avoid putting them in bottles for drinking or food to avoid disastrous confusion
- Install a FI protection switch near the electric meter,
- Be careful about slippery floors, polished floors, carpets, obstacles to the ground or unexpected steps
- Do not leave the son electrical and other miscellaneous items on the ground,
- Control the circulation of hot water heaters, fireplaces,
- Do not store gasoline tools in the house,
- Do not light a barbecue with flammable volatile products (petrol, methylated spirits)
- Do not forget to switch off the electric meter to change a light bulb or for any work on the electrical system,
- Avoid chandeliers and other decorative objects at head height
- Do not spray water on any electrical appliances (for example high-pressure cleaner),
- Handle all sharp objects with care
- for the home constructors: protect your eyes and be careful about toxic fumes of some products can cause serious pulmonary reactions even after several hours.
In the kitchen. The kitchen is the place where everything can happen: poisoning, burns etc…. Thus your kitchen should be well planned and properly monitored especially when you have children.
- Take care to buy cleaning products wth a whose “safe” cap.
- Never put another product in food bottles or recipients.
- To avoid carbon monoxide poisoning: Never block the vents, check the gas pipes and change them regularly .
- To prevent falls: Choose an appropriate high chair. Never leave a child alone and especially immediately put the crotch so that it can not slip. Check the stability of the ladder.
- To avoid burns: Turn the pan handles on the inside of the cooker and oven. microwave: Test the liquid temperature (even if the container is cold, the contents may be hot). Cooking pot: Test the water temperature at the valve outlet or install a faucet equipped with a temperature limiter. Vapor pressure cooker: follow the instructions of the devices making it impossible to open when it is still under pressure. Oven door: Buy “double door” security systems (T ext <60 ° C) or place protective screens that can be fixed on the door. Place your oven in altitude. Hotplates: Place protection plate in front of cooking plates. Fire or Explosion: Never leave matches lying around within children reach and check your gas bottles, the state of the gas supply pipes and its expiration date.
- To avoid cuts: Carefully store sharp objects such as knives and systematically unplug electrical appliances (mixer …) you do not use.
- To prevent burns from hot tap water: Always check the temperature of the incoming water faucets or install a thermostatic mixing valve (T <50 ° C).
- To avoid slipping: put a non-slip bath mat to the bottom of your tub or your shower tray to avoid slide and add support bars for elderly.
- To avoid drowning in the bathtub: Never leave a child alone in the bath even for a few moments (children only need 20cm water to drown). If you use bath seats, you should know that these are not safety seats, but only items created to help release the hands of the person giving the bath to the child.
- To avoid drug poisoning: Drugs should be kept in a cabinet or drawer, preferably locked and, of course, out of the children reach. It is also important to talk with people about the dangers of talking these medications. Past-date drugs should be given back to your pharmacist.
- To avoid household poisoning: Store your household products such as detergents, solvents, waxes in an unreachable place and follow the instructions when using them.
- To avoid cosmetic poisoning: Cosmetic products such as nail polish and perfumes may contain high proportion of alcohol and thus should be kept in a safe place out of the children reach.
- To avoid cuts: Store your scissors and razors vertically.
- To avoid electric shock: Do not use electrical appliances near water.
The stairs represent the place where most people fall, regardless of age. You can minimize the risk of falling by:
- covering the steps of carpets or anti-slip wax
- Placing a solid banister at the proper height
- Placing a security fence at the top and at the bottom of the stairs (for young children) which have to be fixed correctly and securely by permanent attachment.
- Placing a carpet down the stairs to absorbe a possible fall.
The dining room as the living area and the reception place also need special attention.
- To prevent falls: Hide the electric wiress.
- To avoid poisoning: Avoid toxic plants, Do not leave full alcoholic beverages.
- To avoid suffocation: Do not give peanuts to children under 5 years.
- To prevent fire: Do not put heat sources (halogen, …) near curtains, tapestries, walls. Do not to leave matches around children. Clean the chimney regularly. Take children out of the reach of unprotected flames.